The most common treatment for hydrocephalus is the surgical insertion of a drainage system, called a shunt. It consists of a long, flexible tube with a valve that keeps fluid from the brain flowing in the right direction and at the proper rate. Hydrocephalus is a condition characterized by an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the ventricles of the brain. CSF surrounds the brain and spinal cord.
The treatment of hydrocephalus generally focuses on diverting CSF buildup away from the head by way of surgically placed tubes called shunts. Though effective, shunts require open surgery with incisions in both the scalp and abdomen. BASIC HYDROCEPHALUS PATHOPHYSIOLOGY IN ADULTS The normal CSF production rate in an adult is ml/min (20 ml/hour or ml/24 hours). The capacity of normal lateral and third ventricles is approximately 20 ml, whereas the total CSF volume in an adult is – ml. Hence, in normal circumstances CSF is recycled over three times each day.
Dec 12, · In this minimally invasive approach, Ahn uses a camera and miniature endoscopic tools to make a tiny hole in the floor of the third ventricle, allowing CSF to bypass the obstruction and reabsorb around the surface of the brain. How well does it work? Background: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is found around and inside the brain and vertebral column. CSF plays a crucial role in the protection and homeostasis of neural tissue. Methods: Key points on the physiology of CSF as well as the diagnostic and treatment options for hydrocephalus are discussed. Results: Understanding the fundamentals of the production, absorption, dynamics, and Cited by: 4.
Hydrocephalus is a condition in which excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) builds up within the ventricles (fluid-containing cavities) of the brain and may increase pressure within the head. Although hydrocephalus often is described as "water on the brain," the "water" is actually CSF — a clear fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord.