Youth are sentenced under a different regime found in the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA). The YCJA also dictates how and when a court can order a youth sentenced under the adult regime. Constitutional issues. There are a number of constitutional rights guaranteed in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms that can affect criminal sentencing. Mar 01, · Therefore, a year-old Quebec youth found guilty of an offence would receive a much lighter sentence than a year-old youth convicted of the same crime in Ontario, since the latter would automatically have been transferred to adult court.
A youth cannot be sent to jail unless: He or she committed a violent crime The crime, if committed by an adult, could result in a sentence over 2 years, and the youth has developed a pattern of committing offences The youth did not obey other sentences that he or she served in the community. Oct 16, · In most cases, judges impose one of the youth sentencing options in the YCJA. However, in very serious cases, the court does have the power to impose an adult sentence. If an adult sentence is imposed, the Criminal Code penalties for adult offenders are applied to the young person.